The South Georgia Maritime Zone covers more than one million square kilometres. The Government oversees all commercial fishing within the zone and has a dedicated Fisheries Patrol Vessel to ensure that no illegal fishing occurs.
Fisheries protection vessel Pharos SG patrols the SGSSI Maritime zone year-round.
Three commercial fisheries operate within the maritime zone: a long-line fishery for toothfish (technically this is two fisheries, one around South Georgia (MSC certified) and one around the South Sandwich Islands) and pelagic trawl fisheries for mackerel icefish (MSC certified) and krill.
Health and safety is of paramount importance for vessels operating in the severe and isolated waters of the SGSSI maritime zone. In 2013 we introduced new inspections which aim to ensure that fishing vessels have safe operating practices and acceptable working and living conditions in as set out in the 1993 Torremolinos Protocol and it is now mandatory for vessels to pass this inspection before they start fishing.
All fisheries are regulated and managed in accordance with the Convention for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR) system. The Marine Protected Area Management Plan describes toothfish, icefish and krill fisheries in detail.